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Demographic Transitions


Demographic transition is the process in which a nation transitions from being a less industrialized society, with high birth and death rates, to an industrialized nation, with lower birth and death rates. Many countries have already been through this transition including the United States, England, and Canada.

The demographic transition to an industrialized society is detrimental for the environment because industrialized societies tend to use up nonrenewable resources and give off pollution. Industrialized nations have the largest ecological and carbon footprint relative to developing or nonindustrialized countries. Fortunately, there are some benefits to the process of demographic transition, including lower birth and death rates. Essentially, people in industrialized countries have fewer children and this in turn helps control the overall population size.

Demographic transition involves the following five stages:

Stage 1 High birth rate, high death rate, low population size Stage 2 High birth rate, decreasing death rate, increasing population size

Stage 3 Decreasing birth rate, decreasing death rate, increasing population size Stage 4 Low birth rate, low death rate, high population size Stage 5 Low birth rate, low death rate, population size decreasing

(see attached) Using the stages listed above, create a demographic and environmental timeline for one industrialized country, excluding the United States. The following are a few suggested industrialized nations:

Canada England Germany Russia Italy You can download the Demographic and Environmental Timeline—United States of America to review an example of such a timeline.

Include the following points in your timeline in order to examine the advantages and drawbacks of demographic transition in your selected country:

Major historical changes that caused the shift from one stage to another (if available). Changing population size through time (increasing or decreasing). Increase or decrease of birth and death rates through time—particularly when considering the process of industrialization. Environmental impact of this transition. Dates (if available), series of events, and scholarly references for these items. Support your timeline with appropriate examples and a minimum of three credible resources.

Present your timeline in a media that best displays the information you researched. This can be in Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel, or Microsoft PowerPoint. Apply APA standards to citation of sources. Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M2_A2.doc, LastnameFirstInitial_M2_A2.xls, or LastnameFirstInitial_M2_A2.ppt.

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