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According to World Health Organization (WHO), global warming is the primary issues for concern. Noise pollution, overcrowding, traffic jams are some factors that have led to this problem. Lack of privacy is another factor in the modern times that is impacting people in ways that haven’t been examined yet. We also see a wide variance in weather patterns, such as severe hurricanes and drought conditions in the U.S.
Source: World Health Organization (WHO). (n.d.). Climate change. Retrieved fromhttp://www.who.int/topics/climate/en/
Based on your understanding of the topic, create a report in a Microsoft Word document answering the following questions:
According to the CDC website, violence is attributed for approximately fifty thousand deaths each year and results in over 2.5 million injuries. Homicide and suicide are the second and third leading causes of death, respectively, among US population aged fifteen to thirty four years.
Hospital emergency departments treat an average of fifty five people for injuries every minute. The worst after effect of the sudden population explosion across the globe is the rise in violence.
By the end of this course you should be able to:
Clearly define the nursing process
Explain the methods and steps in the nursing process
Describe and apply various nursing processes in dealing with issues today
Explain nursing process in terms of steps and components
Select and apply appropriate instructional media/ teaching aid
Evaluate students using relevant students’ performance assessment methods on their understanding of nursing process.
The nursing process course assist nurses in helping patients with non-complex healthcare issues worldwide through applications of developed knowledge and skills as well proper management.
ADMINISTERING TOPICAL MEDICATIONS
This is the application of lotions/creams on the skin.
Review own level of knowledge and skills of topical applications and requirements.
A tray containing
In nursing, critical thinking involves a discipline specific, reflective reasoning process that guides the nurse in generating, implementing and evaluating approaches foor dealing with patient care and professional concerns.
The purpose of critical thinking is to demonstrate the ability to identify a clinical situation that applies the use of critical thinking in the management care of a patient with uncomplicated health needs.
By the end of this course you should be able to:
CRITICAL THINKING AND NURSING JUDGEMENT
In separation of professional nurse from technical or ancillary staff, decision making skill is applied.
The process is acquired through hard work, commitment and an active curiosity towards learning.
Nurses must and should learn to look at alternatives, hence develop good problem solving skills.
Nurses can accomplish this by learning to be flexible in clinical decision making, reflect on past experiences and previous knowledge, listening to others points of view, and identify the nature of the problem and the best solution for improvement of patients’ health.
CRITICAL THNKING IN NURSING
CRITICAL THINKING COMPETINCIES
LEVELS OF CRITICAL THINKING
Nursing process being the systematic approach used by all nurses to gather information, criticaly examine and analyze data, take appropriate action and later evaluate effectiveness of the action. This involves use of critical thinking skills.
Common language to all nurses is to think through clinical problems.
Critical thinking and Assessment process; brings knowledge from physical, biological and social sciences as a basis for the nurse to ask relevant question, clinical experience contributes to assessment skills, application of standards of practice and personal attitudes.
Critical thinking also enables nurses to make flawless decisions before performing tasks and also helps in communication
ATTITUDES THAT FOSTER CRITICAL THINKING IN NURSING
When using nursing process
A practical is where students perform tasks through illustratons and guide by the the teacher.
This is a lesson given orally by a teacher
This is where learners are taken to actual area where activities take place such as hopitals and relate to what they have learnt.
Here the teacher performs a learning task while students observe and learn and in return learners are given opportunity to demonstrate to ensure well understanding
This is a session headed by a teacher, where an assigned subject is discussed.
Is a discussion session between a teacher and a small number of students
This is an assignment given to students to carry out research on a particular topic.
This is an instruction method that enable learners to develop skills in dealing with real life situations and problems in a classroom setting.
Simulation game- take a written case history
Present a recording of chest sounds for the learner to listen to.
Simulators- operational models such as obstetrical phantom or model for first aid teaching
MORDERN OR INNOVATIVE TEACHING STRATEGIES
In an emergency evacuation of patients, training plays an important role. Here is an incidence of emergency evacuation of Phillips County Regional Medical Center discussed by Vogt and Sorenson (1999):
Shortly after 1:00 p.m. on Thursday, May 8, 1997, clouds of foul-smelling smoke began pouring from an herbicide and pesticide packaging plant in West Helena, Arkansas. An alert was sounded, employees evacuated, and the West Helena fire department was called. As three firefighters prepared to enter the plant, the chemical compounds exploded, collapsing a solid concrete block wall, and killing all three firefighters. As the odorous smoky cloud drifted away from the plant, authorities ordered residents in a 2-mile area downwind of the plant to evacuate and those in the 2- to 3-mile zone to shelter in . . . The findings indicate that 90% of those that were told to evacuate did so but only 27% of those told to shelter-in-place did so, with 68% opting to evacuate instead. The implications of these findings for emergency managers is that people will likely choose to evacuate when both warnings to evacuate and warnings to shelter are issued to residents in close proximity to each other (Abstract section, para. 1).
The evacuation of the medical center was facilitated by efforts taken 6 months earlier to update the hospital’s evacuation plan and reconfirm support agreements for relocation sites and supplies. At that time of updating the plan, the entire staff had also participated in a mock drill. When the safety officer observed the buildings across the highway being evacuated and started questioning officials on the possibility of also being evacuated, evacuation plans familiar to staff were in place and had been practiced. When the Director of Nursing gave the “Code White” alert (the signal that an evacuation to an off-site facility would follow) staff was amply prepared to move patients (p. 11).
Interviews with staff indicated that all patients that could be discharged were sent home with a physician’s nurse. Another four or five patients (the most seriously ill) were transferred to a hospital about a half hour away. The majority of the patients 11 (approximately 17) in the rehabilitation unit were transferred to a vacant wing of the Crestpark Nursing home accompanied by hospital support staff. Only one maternity patient evacuated to the Phillips College—Community College where the hospital staff had evacuated and opened emergency room services. The evacuation of patients began at 1:40 p.m. and all patients (except for two on ventilators and one being stabilized in the emergency room) were out 55 minutes later. The remaining three patients were evacuated 15 minutes later. A variety of vehicles transported patients—vans, school buses, ambulances, private cars, and mortuary services. As a precaution, National Guard personnel provided security at the evacuated hospital (pp. 11–12).
On the basis of your understanding on the topic, answer the following questions regarding the incidence of emergency evacuation mentioned above:
Your review should be at least 2- to 3-page Microsoft Word document, not counting the cover page or the reference page.
Support your responses with in-text citations, reasoning and examples.
Cite any sources in APA format.
Vogt, B. M., & Sorenson, J. H. (1999). Description of survey data regarding the
chemical repacking plant accident, West Helena, Arkansas. Retrieved from